What is a hostname in Linux?
A Linux hostname is a unique name given to a device on a network. It is used to identify and communicate with other devices on the network.
A fully qualified name (FQDN) is the complete domain name for a device, including the hostname and the domain name.
If you’re using just a single computer that’s not part of a network, then just the hostname is applicable.
Other systems such as WHM and Virtualmin needs the FQDN to be correct too. With WHM is easy with the UI to change the hostname, but with Virtualmin it’s best to set the correct name before installing the control panel software.
Be careful of making the hostname of WHM or Virtualmin the same as an existing working domain – rather separate the hostname to something that will only be used to access the host. WHM warns you about this, and Virtualmin will have Postfix issues if the hostname is the same as a working domain.
How to see the current hostname
The commands you would use to interrogate the hostname and FQDN are:
hostname hostname --fqdn dnsdomainname
All three those should return the correct results.
Furthermore, after a perfect setup, your
/etc/hosts file should look like this:
[email protected]:~# cat /etc/hosts ... 127.0.1.1 host.example.com host 127.0.0.1 localhost ...
/etc/hostname file should look like this:
[email protected]:~# cat /etc/hostname host
How to change the hostname
Changing the hostname on Ubuntu needs to happen in two places to make it permanent:
In /etc/hosts look for:
and change to
If you prefer fully qualified, which is better, do this:
127.0.1.1 new-host-name.example.com new-host-name
Finally to make it stick for now, do this:
If you have a terminal open already, it won’t change the current signature so you’ll have to open a new terminal.
There are more places to look for the hostname excpet looking at
/etc/hosts and the
hostname command Here are the various places you have to go and look to change the hostname:
hostnamectl displays the current hostname, for example:
# hostnamectl Static hostname: eugene-nuc Icon name: computer-desktop Chassis: desktop Machine ID: b76cc7b1bbdc489e93909d2043031de8 Boot ID: ba0a677263cf490b8098d8e75f43cf5e Operating System: Linux Mint 21.1 Kernel: Linux 5.15.0-60-generic Architecture: x86-64 Hardware Vendor: Intel_R_ Client Systems Hardware Model: NUC6CAYH
To change the hostname using the hostnamectl command, do this:
sudo hostnamectl set-hostname new-hostname
/etc/hosts look for a line such the one below. Warning, do not change
localhost entry may be used and as convention
localhost is always
127.0.0.1 localhost 127.0.0.1 old-hostname
You might also have a
/etc/cloud/cloud.cfg file. If so, set the following entry:
hostnamectl set-hostname new-hostname